Vector Markup Language (VML)

Vector Markup Language (VML) is an XML-based format for representing vector graphics. VML enables the functionality of vector graphics in web browsers that do not support the Scalable Vector Graphics (SVG) format. VML was developed by the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) and first released in 1998. It was subsequently adopted by Microsoft and became … Read more


A cluster is a group of servers that work together to provide a service. When email is sent from one person to another, it is first routed through a cluster of servers that act as a gateway. The email is then sent to the recipient’s server, which may be part of a different cluster. What … Read more

Flip flops (bistable gates)

A flip flop is a type of bistable gate. When a flip flop is triggered, it changes its output state. The outputstate of a flip flop can be either high or low. Flip flops are used in digital circuits to store data. What gates are in a flip-flop? A flip-flop is a type of electronic … Read more


Archie is a tool for searching FTP sites for specific files. It was developed in 1990 by Peter Deutsch, Allan Schersten, and Alan Emtage, students at McGill University in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. What is Archie’s story? Archie’s story is a heart-warming tale of a little dog who overcame great odds to find his forever home. … Read more

Limited liability company (LLC)

A limited liability company (LLC) is a business entity that offers limited liability to its owners. LLCs are popular in the United States and are often used to form smaller businesses. An LLC is formed by filing articles of organization with the state in which the LLC will do business. Once the LLC is formed, … Read more