Intelligent character recognition (ICR)

Intelligent character recognition (ICR) is a type of character recognition that employs artificial intelligence (AI) techniques to interpret images of handwritten, typewritten, or printed text. ICR systems are used to automatically convert handwritten or printed text into machine-encoded text. ICR systems are trained to recognize characters by extracting features from images of handwritten or printed … Read more

PHP (Hypertext Preprocessor)

PHP is a programming language that is widely used on the web. It is a scripting language that can be embedded into HTML, and it is used on server-side to create dynamic web pages. PHP is free to download and use, and it is available for all major operating systems. What is the use of … Read more

Elegant solution

An elegant solution is a solution that is both simple and effective. It is a solution that is not only easy to understand and implement, but also one that is efficient and well-designed. Elegant solutions are often the result of careful planning and a deep understanding of the problem. They are not always the first … Read more


In computer programming, a rollover is the action of replacing the current content of a graphic with new content when the user mouses over the graphic. This is commonly used for navigation purposes, to create a button that changes state when the user’s cursor is over it. Rollovers can be implemented using HTML and CSS, … Read more


Idempotence is the property of certain operations in mathematics and computer science whereby the result of applying the operation to a given input value is the same output value, regardless of how many times the operation is applied. What is idempotence in programming? In programming, idempotence is the property of certain operations whereby multiple successive … Read more

Domain specific language (DSL)

A Domain Specific Language (DSL) is a programming language that is designed to be used for a specific purpose or domain. DSLs are usually much smaller and simpler than general-purpose programming languages, and they are often designed to be used by people who are not programmers. One example of a DSL is a regular expression … Read more


Minifying a file is the process of removing all unnecessary characters from the code, without affecting the functionality of the code. This includes things like removing white space, comments, and unnecessary characters. Minifying a file can reduce the file size, which can help improve load times. Why is minify used? Minify is used to reduce … Read more


In computer science, a semaphore is a variable or abstract data type that is used to control access to a resource or resources, in a concurrent system. A semaphore is basically a variable that is used to store a numeric value which represents the number of resources that are available. A semaphore can be used … Read more


The term “disassemble” means to take apart an object and examine its individual parts. In the context of programming, disassembly is the process of converting machine code (the instructions that a computer understands) back into assembly code (the instructions that humans understand). This can be useful for debugging purposes, or for understanding how a program … Read more


In computing, bytecode is a set of instructions that a software program executes. Bytecode is usually generated from source code by a compiler. It is also sometimes used as a term for a low-level form of bytecode that is interpreted by a virtual machine or runtime system. Why is it called bytecode? The name bytecode … Read more