Fileless malware attack

Fileless malware attack is a type of malware attack where the malware is injected into the memory of a legitimate process, without leaving any traces on the disk. The malware can persist even after a reboot, as it is not stored on the disk. Fileless malware attacks are difficult to detect and remove, as they … Read more

Card skimming

Card skimming is a type of fraud that occurs when an unauthorized person copies the information from the magnetic stripe on the back of a credit or debit card. This information can then be used to create a counterfeit card that can be used to make unauthorized purchases. Card skimming is a serious problem because … Read more

Boot sector virus

A boot sector virus is a virus that infects the boot sector of a computer’s hard drive. The boot sector is the area of the hard drive that contains the bootstrap program, which is responsible for loading the operating system when the computer is turned on. A boot sector virus replaces the bootstrap program with … Read more

Synthetic identity theft

Synthetic identity theft is a type of fraud in which a criminal uses a combination of real and fictitious information to create a new identity. This new identity is then used to apply for credit products such as credit cards or loans. Synthetic identity theft is difficult to detect because the information used to create … Read more

Office of Personnel Management (OPM)

The Office of Personnel Management (OPM) is a federal agency that oversees the civil service of the United States federal government. The OPM is responsible for ensuring that federal civil servants are hired and promoted based on merit, and that they are treated fairly and equitably. The OPM also provides benefits and support services to … Read more

Software attack surface

The “software attack surface” refers to the amount of code exposed to potential attackers in a software system. The larger the attack surface, the greater the risk of vulnerabilities being exploited. To reduce the attack surface, organizations can adopt a number of security best practices, such as minimizing code complexity, reducing the number of exposed … Read more

Forensic watermark (digital watermark)

A forensic watermark is a digital watermark that is embedded into a digital file to identify the source of the file. Forensic watermarks are used to track down the source of illegally copied files, such as pirated movies or music. Forensic watermarks are also used to track down the source of leaked confidential documents, such … Read more

Snowden effect

The Snowden effect is the impact of the 2013 global surveillance disclosures by Edward Snowden. It has been variously described as a chilling effect, a war on whistleblowers, the death of privacy, and the realization of George Orwell’s vision in his novel Nineteen Eighty-Four. The disclosure of classified information has led to a debate about … Read more

Point-of-sale security (POS security)

Point-of-sale security is a term used to describe the security measures used to protect point-of-sale (POS) devices and systems. POS devices and systems are used to process credit and debit card transactions and are often targeted by criminals. POS security measures can include physical security measures such as tamper-resistant devices and enclosures, as well as … Read more

Can you hear me?

(telephone voice signature scam). The “Can you hear me?” telephone scam is a type of fraud where the caller pretends to be a legitimate business or individual and asks the person they are speaking to if they can hear them. If the person responds “yes”, the caller then records the conversation and uses it to … Read more