# Game theory

Game theory is the study of mathematical models of strategic interaction between rational decision-makers. It is mainly used in economics, political science, and psychology, as well as in logic, computer science, biology, and engineering. Originally, it addressed zero-sum games, in which one person's gains result in losses for the other participants. Today, game theory applies to a wide range of behavioral relations, and is now an umbrella term for the science of logical decision making in humans, animals, and computers.

#### What is game theory with example?

Game theory is the study of strategic decision making. More specifically, it is the study of how people make decisions when there are conflicting interests.

An example of game theory would be two companies who are competing for market share. Each company must decide how much to spend on advertising, how many products to produce, etc. The goal is to maximize profits, but each company is also trying to minimize the other company's profits. Is game theory math or economics? Game theory is the study of strategic decision making. It is considered a subfield of both mathematics and economics.

#### What are the three elements of a game in game theory?

The three elements of a game in game theory are:

1. The players
2. The rules of the game
3. The payoff or prize

##### How is game theory used in real life?

Game theory is the study of mathematical models of strategic interaction between rational decision-makers. It is mainly used in economics, political science, and psychology, as well as in logic, computer science, biology, and engineering.

Applications of game theory include:

-Finding optimal strategies in competitive situations
-Modeling interacting individuals in markets
-Designing auctions
-Analyzing voting systems
-Analyzing conflicts of interest
-Understanding animal behavior

### Why is game theory useful?

Game theory is the study of mathematical models of strategic interaction between rational decision-makers. It is mainly used in economics, political science, and psychology, as well as in logic and computer science.

The reason why game theory is useful is that it allows us to understand and predict the behavior of people in situations where there is a conflict of interest. For example, game theory can be used to understand how two companies might compete with each other, or how two countries might negotiate with each other.