A voicemail is a digital recording of a voice message that is left by a caller for a recipient. The recipient can then listen to the voicemail at their convenience. Voicemails can be left for individuals or for groups. They can be accessed via a phone, a computer, or a mobile device. Voicemails can be … Read more


A preamble is a short message that is sent before a data transmission. The purpose of the preamble is to allow the receiver to synchronize with the sender and to prepare for the upcoming data. A preamble typically consists of a sequence of bits that have a known pattern. What is an example of a … Read more

Communication service provider (CSP)

A communication service provider (CSP) is a type of company that provides communication services. These services can include voice, data, and video services. CSPs can be either fixed-line or mobile. They can also be either public or private. What is a communication service provider in the Philippines? In the Philippines, a communication service provider (CSP) … Read more


Cramming is the term used to describe the practice of adding unauthorized charges to a customer’s phone bill. These charges are typically for services that the customer did not order and did not authorize. Cramming is a form of fraud, and it is a serious problem in the telecommunications industry. Cramming charges can be for … Read more

Voice search

Voice search is a technology that allows users to search for information by speaking into a microphone. Users can speak their search query in natural language and the voice search technology will interpret their query and provide results. Voice search is becoming increasingly popular as more and more people use voice-activated assistants such as Siri, … Read more

Analog-to-digital conversion (ADC)

Analog-to-digital conversion (ADC) is the process of converting an analog signal, such as a sound wave, into a digital signal, such as a stream of numbers. ADCs are used in a variety of devices, including digital cameras, cell phones, and computers. ADCs work by sampling the analog signal at regular intervals and converting the samples … Read more

Voice dial

Voice dial is a feature found on many cell phones and other mobile devices that allows the user to place a call by speaking the name of the person they want to call. The voice dial feature is usually activated by pressing a button on the phone or by saying a special word or phrase. … Read more


Interconnection is the process of connecting two or more communication networks or devices. The purpose of interconnection is usually to allow communication between users on different networks or devices. Interconnection can be achieved by using either physical or logical means. What does interconnect mean in networking? In telecommunications, an interconnect is a connection between two … Read more

Slow-scan television (SSTV)

Slow-scan television (SSTV) is a method of displaying images using a slow scanning rate. This is in contrast to regular television, which uses a much higher scanning rate. SSTV is used for transmission of static images, usually of people or artwork, over amateur radio. SSTV systems were first developed in the late 1950s, and were … Read more

Progressive download

Progressive download is a type of streaming media where the user can start to watch the content before it is completely downloaded. This is in contrast to traditional streaming media, where the user must wait for the entire file to be downloaded before playback can begin. Progressive download is sometimes also called “pseudo-streaming”. What is … Read more