Intel 8008

The Intel 8008 is a 8-bit microprocessor that was released by Intel in 1972. It was the first microprocessor from Intel, and was used in a number of early computers. The 8008 was a successor to the earlier Intel 4004, and was followed by the 8080 in 1974. When did the Intel 8008 come out? … Read more

Polymer LED (light-emitting polymer or polyLED)

Polymer LEDs are light-emitting diodes (LEDs) that use a polymer (plastic) as their active material. They are a type of organic LED (OLED). Polymer LEDs are made by sandwiching a layer of light-emitting polymer between two electrodes, usually made of metal. When a voltage is applied to the electrodes, electrons are injected into the polymer … Read more

Thermal grease (thermal paste or thermal compound)

Thermal grease (thermal paste or thermal compound) is a type of thermal interface material (TIM) that is commonly used to fill the gaps between a heat sink and a CPU or GPU. Thermal grease is a thick, viscous material that helps to transfer heat away from these components and into the heat sink. It is … Read more

Barcode reader (POS scanner, bar code reader, price scanner)

A barcode reader, also called a POS scanner or bar code reader, is a device used to scan and read barcodes. Barcodes are used to store information such as product prices, product names and product descriptions. Barcode readers are used in retail stores to scan and read barcodes on products. Barcode readers can also be … Read more

Von Neumann bottleneck

The Von Neumann bottleneck is a limitation of traditional computer architectures that occurs when the CPU (central processing unit) is required to both perform calculations and access memory. This can lead to a bottleneck in the system as the CPU can only perform one task at a time. One way to overcome the Von Neumann … Read more


A micro-datacenter is a small, modular datacenter designed to provide computing and storage resources in a highly efficient and scalable way. Micro-datacenters are often used in remote or distributed locations where space is limited and power is expensive. Micro-datacenters typically consist of a small number of servers, storage devices, and networking equipment that are all … Read more


A memristor is a two-terminal electronic device whose resistance depends on the amount of charge that has flowed through it. It is the fundamental electrical component with memory. The memristor was first proposed in 1971 by Leon Chua, who recognized that the missing fourth fundamental passive circuit element (after the resistor, capacitor and inductor) could … Read more

Solid-state lighting (SSL)

Solid-state lighting (SSL) is a type of lighting that uses semiconductor light-emitting diodes (LEDs), organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs), or polymer light-emitting diodes (PLEDs) as its source of light. SSL is different from traditional lighting because it does not use a filament or gas to create light. The main advantage of SSL over traditional lighting is … Read more

PLUGE pattern (picture line-up generation equipment pattern)

The PLUGE pattern is a test pattern used to adjust the black level and contrast of a display device. The pattern consists of a series of black and white bars, with the black bars being of progressively darker shades. The white bars are used as a reference point, and the user adjusts the black level … Read more

UHDV (ultra high definition video)

UHDV is a designation used by the Consumer Electronics Association (CEA) to designate video display devices and content having a native resolution of 3840×2160 pixels. The term is not used to describe standard high-definition television (HDTV) which has a resolution of 1920×1080 pixels. UHDV was originally developed as a way to improve the resolution of … Read more