# Time value of money

The time value of money (TVM) is the concept that money today is worth more than money in the future. This is because money today can be invested and earn interest, whereas money in the future cannot. The time value of money is used in many financial calculations, such as the present value of an annuity (a stream of payments).

#### What is time value of money with example?

The time value of money (TVM) is the concept that money today is worth more than the same amount of money in the future. This is because money today can be invested and earn a return, whereas money in the future cannot. For example, if someone has \$100 today and invests it at a 10% annual return, they will have \$110 at the end of the year. If they wait 10 years to invest the \$100, they will only have \$100, since they would have missed out on 10 years of compounding returns.

The time value of money is a key concept in financial decision-making, as it allows for comparisons between different investment opportunities. It can also be used to calculate the present value of future cash flows, which is the basis for many financial valuation techniques.

### What are the 3 elements of time value of money?

1. The time value of money is the present value of future cash flows.

2. The time value of money is the opportunity cost of money.

3. The time value of money is the risk-free rate of return.

Which method is time value of money? There are many different methods for calculating the time value of money (TVM), and the most appropriate method to use will depend on the specific circumstances and data available. Some common methods include the present value (PV) method, the future value (FV) method, and the annuity method.

##### Why is time value of money important?

The time value of money (TVM) is the idea that money today is worth more than the same amount of money in the future. This is because money today can be invested and earn a return, whereas money in the future cannot.

The time value of money is important because it is the basis for valuing future cash flows. If we didn't take into account the time value of money, then all cash flows would be valued equally, regardless of when they occurred.

However, because money today is worth more than money in the future, we need to discount future cash flows to account for this. The discount rate is the rate of return that could be earned by investing the money today.

For example, let's say you are considering investing in a company that will pay you \$100 in one year's time. If the discount rate is 10%, then the present value of that \$100 cash flow is \$90. This is because if you had the \$90 today, you could invest it at 10% and have \$100 in one year's time.

Similarly, if a company is considering a project that will cost \$100 today but will generate cash flows of \$120 in one year's time, the present value of those cash flows is \$109. This is because the \$109 can be invested today at 10% to generate the \$120 in one year's time.

As you can see, the time value of money is

##### Who created time value of money?

There is no one answer to this question since the concept of time value of money (TVM) has been around for centuries. However, some of the key individuals who have helped develop and refine the concept include:

-Leonardo Fibonacci (1170-1250): Italian mathematician who popularized the use of Hindu-Arabic numerals in the West. He also introduced the concept of compound interest.

-Albert Einstein (1879-1955): German physicist who developed the theory of relativity. His work showed that time was a relative concept and could be affected by speed and gravity.

-Irving Fisher (1867-1947): American economist who developed the Fisher equation, which is a key component of TVM.

-John Maynard Keynes (1883-1946): British economist who developed the concept of present value, which is essential to TVM.

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