# Restricted Boltzmann machine (RBM)

A restricted Boltzmann machine (RBM) is a type of energy-based model which is used to learn a probability distribution over a set of visible (input) variables. The model consists of a set of hidden (latent) variables, which are not observed, and a set of visible variables, which are observed. The model is learned by training the machine to approximate the probability distribution of the data.

The restricted Boltzmann machine is a special case of the Boltzmann machine, where the visible and hidden variables are fully connected. The restricted Boltzmann machine is also a special case of the Hopfield network.

The restricted Boltzmann machine has many applications, including dimensionality reduction, classification, regression, and collaborative filtering.

##### What is a restricted Boltzmann machine used for?

A restricted Boltzmann machine (RBM) is a generative stochastic artificial neural network that can learn a probability distribution over its set of inputs. RBMs are capable of learning a wide range of probability distributions, and can be used for tasks such as dimensionality reduction, classification, and prediction.

RBMs have been found to be particularly effective at learning distributions over high-dimensional data, such as images. For this reason, RBMs are often used as a building block for more complex machine learning models, such as deep belief networks.

### How many layers has a RBM restricted Boltzmann machine?

A restricted Boltzmann machine (RBM) is a type of energy-based model which is used to learn a probability distribution over its hidden units. An RBM has two layers of units: a visible layer and a hidden layer. The units in the hidden layer are not connected to each other, and the units in the visible layer are not connected to each other. The only connections between units are between the visible and hidden layers. The number of hidden units is typically much smaller than the number of visible units.

So, an RBM has two layers: a visible layer and a hidden layer. What are the two layers of RBM? The two layers of a RBM are the visible layer and the hidden layer. The visible layer contains the input data, and the hidden layer contains the features that are learned by the RBM.

#### Are RBM still used?

Yes, RBM are still used as a machine learning algorithm. There are many different types of machine learning algorithms, and each has its own strengths and weaknesses. RBM are a powerful tool for learning certain types of patterns, and they are still used in many applications.

#### How does an RBM compare to a PCA?

An RBM is a type of neural network that is used for unsupervised learning. A PCA is a type of statistical technique that is used for dimensionality reduction.

Both RBMs and PCAs can be used for data compression. However, RBMs are more powerful than PCAs because they can learn complex features from data that PCAs cannot.