National Nanotechnology Initiative (NNI)

The National Nanotechnology Initiative (NNI) is a U.S. federal research and development (R&D) program focused on the advancement of science, engineering, and technology at the nanoscale. The initiative was established in 2000 and is coordinated by the National Science and Technology Council (NSTC).

The NNI is the primary mechanism through which the United States coordinates Federal nanotechnology R&D. The NNI's goals are to:
- Advance a world-class nanotechnology R&D program;
- Foster the transfer of new technologies into products for commercial and public benefit;
- Develop and sustain a world-class workforce and education pipeline; and
- Support responsible development of nanotechnology.

The NNI is comprised of 26 Federal agencies and departments with nanotechnology R&D programs, including the Departments of Agriculture, Commerce, Defense, Education, Energy, Environment, Health and Human Services, Homeland Security, and Transportation. In addition, the NNI works closely with state governments, industry, academia, and international partners to ensure that the advances made in nanotechnology R&D are translated into products and services that improve our quality of life and economic competitiveness. When was NNI founded? The National Nanotechnology Initiative (NNI) was founded in 2000.

What is nanobiotechnology and its applications?

Nanobiotechnology is the application of nanotechnology to the field of biology. Nanobiotechnology covers a wide range of topics, from the development of new medical therapies to the fabrication of biological devices at the nanoscale.

One major area of nanobiotechnology research is the development of new therapeutics, such as drugs and vaccines. Nanoparticles can be used to deliver drugs directly to cells, which reduces side effects and increases efficacy. Nanoparticles can also be used to create targeted drug delivery systems, which can specifically deliver drugs to cancer cells while sparing healthy cells.

Another major area of nanobiotechnology research is the development of new diagnostic tools. Nanoparticles can be used to create highly sensitive and specific biosensors, which can be used to detect the presence of disease markers in the body. Nanoparticles can also be used to create imaging contrast agents, which can help doctors to better visualize diseases such as cancer.

Nanobiotechnology also has applications in the field of regenerative medicine. Nanoparticles can be used to deliver growth factors and other molecules that promote tissue regeneration. Nanoparticles can also be used to create scaffolds for tissue engineering, which can be used to support the growth of new tissue.

In general, nanobiotechnology has the potential to revolutionize the field of medicine by providing new ways to diagnose, treat, and prevent disease. What is the size of nanotechnology as proposed by the US Government National Nanotechnology Initiative? The size of nanotechnology, as proposed by the US Government National Nanotechnology Initiative, can be defined as the study and application of extremely small things and can be used across all fields of science, engineering, and technology.

What is the objective of nanotechnology?

The objective of nanotechnology is to create materials, devices, or systems with novel properties and functions due to their size and/or composition. Nanotechnology is an enabling technology, meaning that it has the potential to enable and improve many other existing technologies. For example, nanotechnology could be used to create more efficient solar cells, stronger and lighter materials for cars and airplanes, or new medical treatments.

How many percent of the total funding of the US NNI is for the environmental application?

The answer to this question is not currently available. The US National Nanotechnology Initiative (NNI) does not release detailed information on the specific amount of funding that goes towards environmental applications. However, the NNI does state that one of their goals is to "support responsible development of nanotechnology" and that they are "committed to working with partners across the Federal government, academia, industry, and nonprofit sectors to ensure that as nanotechnology advances, societal considerations are addressed."