Link layer discovery protocol (LLDP)

Link layer discovery protocol (LLDP) is a network protocol used for discovering information about neighboring network devices and for advertising device capabilities on a network. LLDP is used by network devices to exchange information about their configuration and capabilities. LLDP is similar to the CDP (Cisco Discovery Protocol) used by Cisco devices. LLDP uses a … Read more


A CubeSat is a miniaturized satellite for space research that is made up of multiple 10-cm cubic units. CubeSats are commonly used for space missions because they are cost-effective and easy to build and launch. How much does a CubeSat cost? A CubeSat is a very small satellite, typically measuring 10 cm x 10 cm … Read more


LiFi is a wireless communications technology that uses visible light instead of radio frequencies to transmit data. It is similar to Wi-Fi in many ways, but it has some key advantages over Wi-Fi, including higher data rates and increased security. LiFi was first demonstrated in 2011 by Harald Haas, a professor at the University of … Read more

BOINC (Berkeley Open Infrastructure for Network Computing)

BOINC is a software platform for distributed computing, which enables volunteers to donate idle computing resources to scientific projects in a variety of disciplines, including astronomy, biology, climate modeling, medicine, and many others. BOINC was originally developed to support the [email protected] project, which uses volunteers’ spare computing power to search for extraterrestrial life. However, the … Read more

Private IP address

A private IP address is a non-routable address that is used for internal networks. Private IP addresses are usually assigned to devices that are not intended to be accessible from the Internet, such as printers and file servers. Private IP addresses are usually assigned using one of three private IP address ranges: – … Read more

Quick Start Glossary: WAN acceleration

WAN acceleration is the process of using a variety of techniques to improve the performance of Wide Area Network (WAN) connections. WAN acceleration can be used to improve the throughput, latency, and reliability of WAN connections. WAN acceleration is typically used to improve the performance of applications that are sensitive to network latency, such as … Read more

40 Gigabit Ethernet (40GbE)

40 Gigabit Ethernet (40GbE) is a standard for Ethernet networking that supports data transfer speeds of up to 40 gigabits per second (Gbps). It was introduced in 2010 and is the successor to the 10 Gigabit Ethernet (10GbE) standard. 40GbE is commonly used in high-performance computing (HPC) and data center environments, where its high data … Read more

Leaky bucket algorithm

A leaky bucket algorithm is a means of controlling the rate of data transfer in a network. It does this by regulating the amount of data that can be sent in a given time period. The algorithm works by allowing a certain amount of data to be sent in a given time period, and then … Read more

Search neutrality

The term “search neutrality” refers to the principle that all online search engines should treat all websites equally, without regard to their content, purpose, or any other factor. This principle is based on the belief that all websites should have an equal opportunity to be found by users of online search engines, and that no … Read more

IP address management (IPAM)

The term “IP address management” (IPAM) refers to the process of planning, assigning, and maintaining IP addresses and other associated network infrastructure components. IPAM involves the use of software tools to automate the tasks of network administration, including the assignment of IP addresses to devices on the network. IPAM tools are used to monitor and … Read more