Endpoint authentication (device authentication)

Endpoint authentication is a security measure that requires each device on a network to authenticate itself before it can access network resources. This ensures that only authorized devices can connect to the network and helps to protect sensitive data from being accessed by unauthorized devices. There are a variety of methods that can be used … Read more


A dongle is a hardware device that attaches to a computer or other electronic device to provide extra security, or to enable a specific feature or application. Dongles are often used for software copy protection, or to allow a piece of hardware to be used with only one specific software application. Why is a dongle … Read more

Password strength meter

A password strength meter is a tool that measures the strength of a password. The strength of a password is determined by its length, complexity, and uniqueness. The longer the password, the more complex it can be, and the more unique it is, the stronger it is. A password strength meter can be a useful … Read more

Passive reconnaissance

Passive reconnaissance is a type of security attack in which an attacker gathers information about a target system without interacting with it. This can be done by analyzing network traffic, scanning ports, or looking for publicly available information about the system. The goal of passive reconnaissance is to gain information about the system without being … Read more

BIOS attack

BIOS attacks are a type of security exploit that targets a computer’s basic input/output system (BIOS). The BIOS is a set of built-in software routines that enable a computer to start up and perform basic hardware checks. A BIOS attack can be used to gain access to sensitive data stored on a computer, or to … Read more

Attack surface

The attack surface of a system is the sum of the different points (the so-called attack vectors) where an unauthorized user (the attacker) can try to enter data into the system or extract data from it. In order to secure a system, it is important to first understand its attack surface. This can be a … Read more

Unique default password

A unique default password is a password that is assigned to an account during the account creation process that is not used by any other account on the system. This type of password is typically more secure than a shared default password because it is not known by anyone else and can only be used … Read more

Hot mic (roving bug)

A hot mic is a microphone that is left on intentionally so that it can pick up sound even when it is not supposed to be recording. This can be done for a variety of reasons, such as to eavesdrop on a conversation or to record a person without their knowledge. A hot mic can … Read more

Threat intelligence service (TI service)

A threat intelligence service is a subscription-based service that provides organizations with real-time data and analysis about the latest cyber threats. The service helps organizations to proactively defend against attacks by providing them with information about the latest malware, phishing campaigns, and other cyber threats. The service also provides guidance on how to respond to … Read more