Memory coherence

Memory coherence is a memory management technique that ensures that data stored in memory is consistent across all devices in a system. Data consistency means that data is correct and up-to-date across all devices. Memory coherence is important for systems with multiple processors or devices that share memory. Multiprocessor systems need a way to ensure … Read more


A substrate is a material used as the foundation or base for creating a circuit or other electronic component. The substrate material must have certain properties in order to be suitable for circuit fabrication, including high electrical insulation, high mechanical strength, and high thermal conductivity. Common substrate materials include glass, ceramic, and plastic. What is … Read more

Jam sync

“Jam sync” is a term used in the computer industry to describe the process of synchronizing two or more devices by sending a signal from one device to another. This signal is typically a short burst of data that contains information about the current time, date, and other relevant information. The receiving device can then … Read more

Segmented memory

Segmented memory is a memory management technique in which memory is divided into segments. Each segment has a base address and a size. The base address is the starting address of the segment and the size is the number of bytes in the segment. Segments can be of any size and can be located anywhere … Read more

USART (Universal Synchronous/Asynchronous Receiver/Transmitter)

The Universal Synchronous/Asynchronous Receiver/Transmitter (USART) is a type of integrated circuit used for serial communication. It can be used in synchronous or asynchronous mode. In synchronous mode, the USART uses a clock signal to synchronize data transmission. In asynchronous mode, the USART does not use a clock signal. The USART can be used for a … Read more

Pentium 3

The Pentium 3 was a microprocessor released by Intel in 1999. It was the successor to the Pentium 2 and was the first Pentium-branded processor to be based on the Intel P6 microarchitecture. The Pentium 3 was succeeded by the Pentium 4 in 2000. The Pentium 3 was the first processor to include the Intel … Read more

Bit slicing

Bit slicing is the process of breaking down a computer instruction into individual bits so that it can be executed by a microprocessor. The advantage of bit slicing is that it allows for more parallelism and therefore higher performance. The downside is that it can be more complex to design and implement. Which one is … Read more

Reconfigurable processor

A reconfigurable processor is a type of microprocessor that can be reconfigured to perform different types of operations. This type of processor is typically used in applications where the needs of the application change over time, or where the application requires a high degree of customization. Reconfigurable processors are typically designed with a hardware description … Read more

Intel 80386

The Intel 80386, also known as the i386 or just 386, is a 32-bit microprocessor introduced in 1985. The first versions had 275,000 transistors and were the first Pentium-compatible CPUs. The 32-bit386 can generate both real-mode and protected-mode instructions. Protected mode allows for multitasking, paging and other features that are not available in real mode. … Read more

Voltage reference

A voltage reference is a device that produces a fixed voltage output. Voltage references are used in electronic circuits to provide a known voltage level for other components in the circuit to reference. Voltage references can be used to set the operating voltage of a circuit, to calibrate sensors, or to provide a stable voltage … Read more